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VISION TRAINING CENTRAL

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VISUAL ACUITY

EYE-HAND
COORDINATION

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VISUALIZATION

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ACCOMMODATION

What is eye-hand coordination?

Eye-hand and eye-foot coordination refer to how quickly and accurately an athlete's muscles and limbs react to the input of visual messages gathered by the eyes.

Eye-hand coordination is the athlete's ability to synchronize finger, hand and arm movements with constantly changing visual information from a dynamic sporting environment.

Why is eye-hand coordination important in athletic performance?

Visual coordination affects timing, reaction speed, body control and balance.

Numerous studies across various sports have shown that eye-hand coordination speed is faster among athletes when compared to non-athletes.   In addition, studies have shown it to be a characteristic which distinguishes expertise levels among athletes.

How can athletes improve their eye-hand coordination skills?

Athletes can improve their eye-hand coordination skills with deliberate vision training exercises that require the sychronization of motor movements with visual input.

Effective exercises may vary from simple visual-response tasks that require minimal brain processing, such online computerized reaction speed tests, to more complex visual-response tasks that require greater analysis of visual information, such as juggling, soft toss, or computerized target shooting games.


More Information About Eye-Hand Coordination

   ARTICLES
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ATHLETIC COORDINATION
(SportsVision Magazine, 2009)
How to develop hand-eye coordination, spatial awareness, ambidexterity, balance, and lightning-fast reaction speed click here
HAND-EYE COORDINATION TEST
(Brian Mac Sports Coach)
Simple tennis ball drill to test hand-eye coordination and compare results with normative data click here
HAND-EYE DEMANDS
(Topend Sports Network)
Top 20 sports requiring good hand-eye coordination based on an analysis of 60 sports by an expert team at ESPN click here
SURGEONS & VIDEO GAMES
(MSNBC.com)
Do videogames improve hand-eye coordination? The results may surprise you click here
MOTOR COORDINATION
(Physiology Online)
Getting a grasp on coordination click here
   VIDEOS
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ULTIMATE TEST
(video | 5 min. 00 sec.)
FSN Sport Science conducts the ultimate test to determine which athletes have the best hand-eye coordination click here
   RESEARCH STUDIES
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CUP STACKING STUDY
(2004 | University of Wisconsin))
Study results indicate that cup stacking positively influenced scores on tests to measure hand-eye coordination and reaction time click here
SCIENCE OF JUGGLING
(Scientific American | November 1995)
Studying the ability to toss and catch balls and rings provides insight into human coordination click here
INFLUENCE OF HEAD MOVEMENT
(Ohio State University | November 2002)
Head movement increases the accuracy of rapid hand-eye coordination tasks click here
PROCESSING ACCURACY
(Universidade Estadual Paulista | March 2002)
Eye and hand movements and the amount of brain processing that must occur before performing a manual aiming movement click here
CONTROL STRATEGIES
(Victoria University | October 2009)
Control strategies underlying successful interception and coordination between perceptual and motor processes click here
ELITE COORDINATION
(Democritus University of Thrace | June 1997)
Elite rhythmic gymnastics athletes scored higher than novices on eye-hand coordination tasks click here
OPTIMAL PERFORMANCE
(VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands | August 2009)
Study finds that combining eye and hand in search is suboptimal click here
   DRILLS AND EXERCISES
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BOLA TRAINER The ultimate training tool for keeping your mind, eyes and reflexes razor-sharp click here
CHEERIOS HOLE PUNCH Four great drills for improving hand-eye coordination including the cereal drill, ping pong paddle, left right catch, and the batting tee drill click here
JUGGLING Juggling: a great eye-hand coordination exercise click here
EYE TRACKING DRILL Walking backwards, toss two balls so that they cross in the air, then catch the balls, and repeat click here
VIBE DISC VISION DRILL How to develop hand-eye coordination skills using a balance trainer click here
TENNIS BALL BOUNCE To increase difficulty: bounce on backhand, let ball bounce, do a 360 turn, and have a coach call out a sequence of moves click here
GOALIE EYE-HAND Alternating double ball launch to sharpen eye-hand skills of hockey goaltenders click here
REACTION BALL Simple drill to improve hand-eye coordination, baseball vision, and reaction time click here
BAT RAC Unique sports vision training tool designed to improve eye hand coordination click here


 Does vision training work?
 Scientific proof:    Numerous studies confirm that sport-specific vision training not only improves visual skills, but also enhances motor skills and athletic performance.

 Anecdotal proof:    Overwhelming anecdotal evidence from elite and professional athletes supports claim that vision training contributed to improved athletic performance.


  Most important visual skills
 Summary:    Most important visual skills for elite athletic performance, based on survey of nine leading international sports vision training programs.

  Human visual system
 Visual input:    Human retina can transmit visual input at roughly 10 million bits per second.

 Training objectives:    Three important objectives sought from most sports vision training programs.